WASH & LIFE SKILL
WASH is the comprehensive programme introduced by UNICEF to increase equitable and sustainable access and use of safe water , basic sanitation services, and to promote improved hygiene. The hand-washing practices have also been shown to reduce the incidence of other diseases, diarrhoea-related diseases like cholera dysentery and pneumonia, trachoma, scabies, skin and eye infections. The promotion of hand washing with soap is also a key strategy for controlling the spread of Avian Influenza (bird flu) etc.
‘Realizing the importance of the issue SMS started WASH and also life skill education for the 100 both primary and secondary school students. Baseline survey conducted at the beginning to find out the socio-academic background of the school students and measured their height and weight individually to know their physical growth. The survey shows that 27.8 percent students are much below the Indian standard of height and 49.05 percent students are below the standard of weight.
Therefore it is essential to render the hygienic training to these children at this stage. Government has provided sanitary toilets in every school but all are not in proper use. With a view to create awareness among school children about health and hygiene we have prepared the school sessions of each school considering their social and academic status. These sessions include the information about water, sanitation and hygiene. Children are provided very detail knowledge about water –the various sources of water, different uses and the difference between safe and contaminated water, the importance of using the safe water. .
The next topic is hygiene. We are talking about the various diseases and how to protect oneself from those diseases only by taking care of the personal hygiene. We are explaining all the ways of hygienic action like washing hands with soap before food and after using the toilet. Importance of using the sanitary toilet and hazards related in going for open defecation. Washing hands and feet after reaching home from outside like school, market etc. brushing of tooth every day , taking bath everyday in clean water and all those body cleaning activities. Then take up the topic of keeping the house clean like disposal of waste matter and disposal of child faeces, different disposal ways of bio-degradable and solid waste. We talk about the ways of protecting the cooked food from contamination and the necessity of eating fresh food.
In the girls school Life-skill training is being imparted to the VIII class students. All the aspects of life skill is being discussed in detail. Various audio visual aids are being used for the life skill sessions.
he students are enjoying and responding well in our sessions. We are also getting good cooperation from the school authority. Hope our programme will bring a sustainable impression on the students’ life.
Sometimes few persons become an institution, Irmgard is one of them. She convinced her family and friends to support our special project for the poorest of the poor. Irmgard and her friends send regular financial support for the poorest people. She collects money from donation or by selling handmade products from their shop. She has been continuing her help since last 16 years. It reveals her kind heart and humanity.
This year 69 persons were provided support for education, health, house repairing, income generation etc. Two adolescent girls’ skill development program, four coaching centers for tribal students are run. It also includes support for raising plants in nursery, relief, drinking water etc. Most important supports are provided is medical support for which many poor people get new lives. Income generating program is a part of poverty alleviation.
All the persons got benefits from this project belong to poorest families, one of them is visually challenged and who is studying in Jadavpur University.
Women are working at Nursery Monojit Biswas a visually challenged
person is supported for his education
LEGAL AID AND FAMILY COUNSELLING CENTER
LEGAL AID AND FAMILY COUNSELLING CENTER
In the scenario of rapid changing social connects all relations are either on the verge of falling apart or taking new shapes with multi dimensions. Social conflict resolution has becoming a challenge for a family unit, Panchayate.
Hence a new approach has come out to resolve these issues that would ensure rights and justice to the victim instead of being parochial and patriarchal.
Keeping the view in consideration, SMS started a Legal Aid and family Counseling Unit especially to help women to resolve family conflicts for which they are worse sufferer. People come from different villages to take advice and justice.
Generally when one approaches to the cell, she asked to give a complaint and on the basis of this complaint, the overall situation & circumstances are investigated and both the parties are asked to come to the cell and meetings conducted and Legal cell of SMS tries to resolve the cases after counseling, if the case finds difficult then they are advised to take these into court and in this cases SMS support them to identify lawyers.
The following activities are done from this Legal aid & family counseling unit of SMS :
* Make the women of their legal rights and services available for them
* Make populace aware about laws and entitlements of women and children
* Awareness creation on legal services available in Ranaghat Legal Aid Cell for poor,
marginalized, SC/ ST communities.
* Motivate and help people to resolve minor conflicts through discussions and dialogue
* Provide counseling services to commoners
Out of these 266 cases, SMS took initiative to resolve these problems
PERFORMANCE DURING THE YEAR : [ 2013 – 2014 ]
IN COURT/ THANA
The cell has visible impact among the people of the area. The way SMS works, people rely on them, they come to seek proper advice and road map.
In this area, incidence of domestic violence has been reduced, women have become empowered, they do not hesitate to communicate with police or court.
State Women Commission and Calcutta High Court are well aware about the function of this Legal Aid & Family Counselling Cell of SMS. It has well established rapport with Court of Bongaon, Barasat, Krishnanagar, Ranaghat. They support in the cases which comes through SMS Cell.
Sreema Mahila Samity is collaborative organization in Nadia district for CHILDLINE Programme. This programme is supported by CHILDLINE India Foundation [CIF] as Nodal Agency funded by Ministry of Women & Child Development. It works in collaboration with other NGOs and government. It intervenes for supporting the child who are in distress and need through 24 hours toll free service. It also extends hands in supporting children who are suffering from HIV-AIDS and substance use.
The specific objectives of this programe are to:
Reach out to each & every child in need of care and protection in need and emergency
Work together with the allied system to create child friendly system that ensure child rights
Advocate for adequate service for the children so that the best protection and interest of the child are in place.
Learn from the experiences and joint review and determine strategy with other stakeholders to reach out more the child in need and distress.
Keeping in view the above objectives, CHILDLINE works according to the defined strategies.
1098 is the 24 x 7 hours toll free help line of CHILDLINE. When any call is received in 1098, team members of CHILDLINE of SMS inform the CWC and immediately rush to the spot of incidence. After reaching to the spot, the victim child is taken under custody of CHILDLINE by either team member of SMS or the other organization that works with SMS. The child is then counseled and after that she/he is produced before the CWC board. Based on the situation and counseling outcome, the child is sent to his/her family or to any other safe shelter.
Open House Program is an important activity of CHILDLINE. As participation is one of the major rights of child, every month open house program is organized with the children where they express their problems and views. Team members counsel them. Children enjoy the day taking part in cultural program.
For awareness about 1098 toll free service outreach camps are organized throughout the year from where information regarding child in difficult situation is identified. In 2013 -2014 – 400 camps were organized.
NATURE OF CASES RESPONDED THROUGH CHILDLINE 2013-14
CHILD MARRIAGE PREVENTED : 31
CHILD TRAFFICING PREVENTED : 10
REHABILITATION OF CHILD LABOUR : 03
RESCUED NEW BORN BABY : 03
Child marriage is a burning issues in rural, semi-rural as well as in urban areas of Bengal. Normally the victims are the girl child of 11 to below 18 age groups. Awareness has not been created so far among the poor and marginalized section where the options for avoiding economic problems are child marriage, trafficking or child labor. CHILDLINE works to protect those children from unwanted issues.
CASE NO- I
PREVENTING EARLY MARRIAGE
Meena [name changed] is a growing child of 13yrs old and resides in Dighirpar, Ranaghat, Nadia. It was informed by her neighbours to SMS CHILDLINE that marriage ceremony of Meena going to be celebrated on 13th day of June 2013.
Immediately CHILDLINE team of Nadia informed SDO, Ranaghat and Police station of Taherpur for support. SDO sent BDO of Ranaghat Block –I to handle the case jointly with SMS team.
At about 08.00 pm BDO , Ranaghat –I, O.C , Taherpur and Nadia CHILDLINE Team rushed to Dighirpar, Meena’s house where the marriage ceremony was going on. Mother of Meena wanted to convince the team that her daughter attained the age of 18ysr, but the team after tremedous effort collected the age proof of Meena from her one of the relatives and able to prove that she was then only 13yrs.
CASE NO II
RESECUE FROM TRAFFICKING
A call received from a woman of a village under Hanskhali Police Station about her daughter Kanika[ name changed] She suspected to be trafficked to Trivantapuram, Kerala from Nadia by a local boy. On the basis of her report all detail documents and photograph was sent to CIF Kolkata.
Then CIF Kolkata had sent these documents and photographs to CHILDLINE Trivantapuram, Kerala. After a long effort , Manika ultimately was rescued by the CHILDLINE Trivantapuram with the help of local police authority ( Marthandom). CWC Trivantapuram handed over the child to police authority Hanskhali P.S.Nadia, W.B.
Hanskhali PS had sent their representative to Kerala and brought the child to her home and handed over to her parents.
Regular follow up by CHILDLINE SMS reported that Kanika is going well in her studies at home and in coming session she will be admitted to formal school.
Parents expressed their gratitude to CHILDLINE team.
Ultimately by joint efforts, Meena’s family compelled to stop this early marriage and understood the adverse effect of underage marriage. Meena and mother brought to Taherpur PS and lodged GDE and informed CWC.
Case is now solved- Meena is now studying and enjoying her childhood.
A physically challanged girl is now friend of CHILDLINE
ASHA (ACCREDITED SOCIAL HEALTH ACTIVIST)
ASHA (ACCREDITED SOCIAL HEALTH ACTIVIST)
The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), is a flagship programme of Government of India which includes several process which aim to improves mother and child health and increase institutional delivery.
SMS has been working as the District Training Center (DTC) of Nadia district since 2007. In addition to infrastructure and facilities for health, there are other social determinants. ASHAs are being trained to address these social determinants of health. ASHAs mobilize communities to realize health rights and access entitlements and provide community level care for a number of health priorities to save lives and improve health, the other elements focus on promoting action by village level organization and enhance people’s participation in several delivery.
This year 6th and 7th modules 1st, 2 nd 3rd round of training have been imparted towards 16 blocks in Nadia District which includes six thousand ASHAs. After completion of training, ASHA will attend each pregnant woman, each lactating mother and new born baby in her population group. Regularly they record the growth of baby, identify mothers’ problems if any and demonstrate how to take care of the baby. Previously they were only to work to raise awareness and linkage for institutional delivery. Now the training is imparted on handholding support for the lactating mothers.
The specific objectives of this programme are to :
* Ensure reduction of infant mortality rate and mothers’ mortality rate by improving full Ante Natal Care( ANC) and Post Natal Care( PNC) and by increasing institutional delivery
* Ensure safe motherhood for countless women from socially and economically challenged background living in the remotest villages
* Ensure that the facilities and the services available under NRHM programme actually reach to targeted population.
In order to achieve the objectives of this programme the following methodology has been followed:
• The participants of the ‘ASHA’ programme form the bridge between the NRHM facilities and services and the 1000+1200 members of local community that each of them are held responsible for.
• ASHA works in collaboration with the Angan Wadi Worker( AWW), especially when it comes to specific health services intended for the mothers and children other than those service for the other villagers. They held responsible and help VHSC in promotion of health awareness and eradication of National Health Agenda like Pulse Polio, Kala-Ajar, Maleria, Filaria, TB
• The training review of work area, evaluation of work and associated reporting of the ASHA is the responsibility of DTC (SMS),
• On completion of induction training, the ‘ASHA’ visit all the families in their designated areas and collect information on pregnant women and newly born infants and there lactating mothers. In addition they also ensure that pregnant women are taken to hospitals for institutional delivery they raise awareness of the benefits and methods of family planning and they ensure proper care of the mother and child.
• SMS undertakes the responsibility of evaluation of ASHA through examination and now DTC has started handholding support to ‘ASHA’ and monitoring of District Trainers. State also provides handholding support and monitoring visit to DTC for training session of trainers and others. SMS and state both evaluate the quality of the training. Focus area of this training were related to their daily role and responsibility which they supposed to implement in the field. The training schedule is like roles and activities of ASHA, steps and techniques of counseling and home visit, pregnancy diagnoses and determination of LMP and EDD, components of antenatal care and identification of emergency during pregnancy, birth preparedness, post partum care, home based new born care, temperature, maintenance of new born, exclusive breast feeding, immunization of a new born and so on.
Training of ASHA participant
OUTCOME OF PROGRAMME:
From the entire programme the above outcomes have been observed where Capacity Building of ASHA is a major component.
8th March observation of women’s day is an important program to SMS. In different districts at different points it was observed. Women from the villages organized rallies giving slogan to stop violence against women and raised voices about their rights. They performed drama and other cultural programs which was the way of propagation of their message. Women enjoyed the day very much.
Like every year on 23rd January Annual Sports of the staff was arranged. The winners were given prizes. This day became joyful to everyone.
Last Saturday of the month of March earth hour is observed all over the world. One hour in the evening from 8.30 p.m. to 9.30 p.m. all electrical as well as electronic appliances keep switch off to reduce global warming and protect environment. SMS like previous years mobilized people to observe the hour.
World Toilet Day
Sanitation crisis is prevailing all over the world. 2.5 million people do not have access to a clean and safe toilet. This crisis is the cause of several diseases. With the aim to draw global attention to the sanitation crisis 19 November is observed as World Toilet Day (WTD).
Sreema Mahila Samity celebrated WTD in five districts -- Nadia, North24Parganas, Murshidabad, Malda and Birbhum. Main objective was to aware people about the importance of clean and safe toilet. Group meetings with SHG members, PRI, school students were organized. The villagers including the women and children joined the rallies. Street drama was performed by youth group. In different programs for observing WTD people joined spontaneously.
Rally of World Toilet Day
MICRO INSURANCE : DEVELOPING A CULTURE OF INSURANCE
A vast sections of rural mass are still unaware or can not avail the benefit of insurance due to lack of service in door step or not able to afford the premium. From middle of 2008, SMS in collaboration with LICI, initiated an effort to start group insurance & later other schemes which directly benefit especially women folk by insuring their lives. LICI is the only government company and SMS is now an authorized agent LICI and United India Insurance. Jeevan Mangal and Jeevan Madhur are the two policies which are much popular among the rural poor people because of its easy process and small size of premium. Upto 2013 – 2014 financial year, total 78327 policies including LICI group insurance, Jeevan Madhur and Jevan Mangal and Non life insurance of UII Ltd. are sold through different branch offices.
The staffs of the branch offices go to interior villages, explain in detail about these policies, motivate them and enable them to understand the entire process. The willing and interested persons approach the staff, they are given application form, the filled up form they submit to the Head office of SMS and they also deposit their premium to them. Ultimately Application forms and premium are deposited to LIC branch. Group insurance is linked with microfinance. The insurer also got the benefit from health insurance policy.
SMS got first and second prize in EZ of LICI (MI) for its commendable performance.
In this way, it is expected that in the long run this initiative of SMS would definitely develop a culture of insurance that would help rural people, especially the women, coping adverse situation of life.
Regional Manager of LICI Chief Manager of LICI
COMMUNITY MANAGED DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (CMDRR)
Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR)
Disaster preparedness is an important issue now worldwide. Sreema Mahila Samity has been implementing this program since last 2000 after a devastated flood in West Bengal. Like previous years this year also SMS has continued it. Emphasis is given on training and awareness regarding disaster risk reduction.
The objectives of the programme:
To increase community capacity to cope with natural disasters through strengthening family and community levels preparedness.
To increase community access to government schemes and resources for disaster mitigation
To capacitate vulnerable families to be prepared in terms of shelter modification/food reserve/document protection/tube well purification.
To incorporate DRR work to the government schemes
Strengthen village sansad to have disaster resilient water and sanitation facility
To aware farmers about alternative agriculture
Orientation at family level preparedness that includes Family Survival Kit (FSK), Community Survival Kit (CSK), animal fodder, elevated toilet, special needs of pregnant women, children and PWD etc.
ORS demonstration, water purification and tube-well disinfection
Developing awareness on shelter modification, road construction using NREGS work
Conducting rally, using mela and festivals for propagating awareness
Skill development for developing and implementation of DRR plan at sansad level
Linkage workshops with block officials to ensure collaboration and coordination (disaster protocols and relief code)
Reformation, training and mock drill for strengthening the key task force groups, leadership development and facilitating effective collaboration with PRI for disaster management
Ensuring safe drinking water through raising hand pump, maintenance water sources, rain water harvesting
Ensuring animal health and vaccination, importance of cattle insurance and management
Village level awareness and promoting practice for extensive plantation and techniques on improved methods of food and seed preservation
Awareness on gram sansad, gram sabha and POW follow up
Promoting practice of cultivating flood and saline resistant paddy and vegetables varieties
vulnerable families who have reconstructed roof
vulnerable families have better coping mechanism in terms of food reserve
families ensure better coping mechanism in terms of safety of cattle (availability of fodder, identified raised land for animals)
farmers in most vulnerable areas practice appropriate methods of agriculture (growing early varieties)
farmers increase income from crops/allied practices in most vulnerable areas practicing appropriate methods of agriculture (growing early varieties)
villages accessed safe water during disaster
families access safe sanitation particularly during disaster
issues identified in the micro plans have been implemented through community, PRI, government schemes/services
task force members taking proactive role in disaster preparedness planning and response at community level
task force members taking proactive role in disaster preparedness planning and response at community level in terms of raising issues with GP to influence for taking measures to ensure DRR
community tube-wells are maintained by the communities
community tube-wells are disinfected